Autonomous vehicles will be everywhere soon in the streets of the city. Before this happens, we must ask ourselves: Will they move us quickly through cities or increase traffic?
The car is a car, whether self-driven or driven by people – that occupies much more space than buses, street cars or trains – so let's make sure the cost is right. Traffic already has a plus In many cities due to widespread horseback riding. As soon as Uber launches for independent vehicle fleets, the car will be called cheaper and more competitive – and it will be a potential burden on our streets.
A new study by professor of the University of California at Santa Cruz Adam Millard Paul in Journal of Transport Policy Makes a convincing case that self-driving cars will significantly increase traffic. Millard-Ball expects that the number of cars on the street can grow exponentially as more people are able to lift their hands off the wheel and just sit and ride the car.
Moreover, when not in use, independent vehicles need to go somewhere. There are three options: go home, stand somewhere or move around. Most likely, these cars will run on the streets endlessly instead of parking and paying fees.
The rise in horseback riding speaks of the need to think about congestion pricing – even more so in light of the autonomous vehicles that can orbit the city aimlessly in the years to come – in more dynamic terms.
Current congestion pricing plans work in several different ways. Most programs specify either an essential part of the city or specific areas within the city to impose fixed or variable charges on vehicles driving to designated areas. Systems monitor compliance through giant systems and cameras that record license plates, or some versions of transceivers in vehicles. All congestion pricing systems attach a price to the use of roads.
In particular, variable pricing that embodies usage across the city can lead to different decisions by independent vehicles. Instead of shadows in the streets waiting for passengers to move, these cars can instead choose to stand in the heart of the city or in the outer ocean, helping to dismantle the streets instead of adding to the traffic.
Changing prices are increasing as traffic increases, driving some drivers – or in future self-driving cars – away from the road and making cars slip more smoothly. In the United States, we are more familiar with the variable fee schemes applied to highways, but congestion pricing regimes such as those in Singapore and Stockholm include a changing nature throughout the congestion area.
Congestion pricing can counteract the direct increase in vehicle usage and ensure that self-driving cars are fully charged for the impact they cause. New York City A congestion zone will be implemented starting in 2021 that will affect all drivers south of Sixty Street entering Manhattan. While the final structure remains to be determined, experts say it could bring in more than $ 1 billion a year to support public transport.
Across the pond, London Policy – First implemented in 2003 – covering eight square miles and currently costing around $ 15. From 2002 to 2014, private cars entering the central region decreased by 39%. However, with the rapid increase in horseback riding caused by Ober and other companies, congestion has increased again.
In areas of Washington, DC and Los Angeles, variable pricing – not only in the downtown congestion area – provides highway drivers with the option to pay for driving in a freely flowing corridor. Cost to consumers is not free, because the cost must be in line with the demand to maintain traffic. In the Washington, DC area, driving fees from the city's remote suburbs reached a peak near $ 40. But that was what it cost to keep traffic.
Singapore, on the other hand, extends this logic to the heart of its city with congestion pricing Model. The city has more than 50 points within and within the designated area within and around the central business district, each of which earns between $ 0 and $ 3, depending on the time of day and traffic conditions. Stockholm has a similar logic to the Singapore system, with a maximum of $ 11.30 per vehicle per day.
Good policy and responsiveness can help us make the right choices. Crowding pricing can be a market-based regulator that gets the right number of cars on the street at a certain time. At the same time, these systems can be improved in accordance with the gas mixture of cars versus electricity Air quality And public health. Funds from these plans can help support and improve transport systems.
When city leaders are asked about the kind of cities their residents and residents are trying to build, the loud answer is cities for people, not cars. Let's make sure that self-driving vehicles help make cities better for everyone.